How to tell if you have herpes or how to catch it
In a lifetime, we can catch several types of infection or disease. When we talk about genital herpes, it often embarrasses most people. There are very few ways to protect yourself, but often the simple fact of being informed about this disease can be very valuable in the prevention method.
Often people are embarrassed or anxious to talk about it. This disease affects about half of Americans and 20% of Canadians. This makes it one of the most popular ITS in North America unfortunately. Keeping up-to-date on most STDs and STIs greatly helps to protect the principal from new sexual partners.
What is genital or oral herpes?
Herpes viruses are viral, highly contagious and responsible for several skin problems and mucous membranes. The virus is distinguished into two categories or two types:
Type 1 HSV1, often responsible for cold sores or cold sores.
Type 2 HSV2, all too often it is the one who is responsible for genital herpes.
Both types can be at the origin of the infection commonly called herpes. Mostly, the problems related to herpes occur in adulthood but some cases can be born from birth just at the old age.
The virus belongs to the group of Alphaherpesvirinaes and more precisely to the family Herpesviridae. This category also includes viruses such as chicken pox, shingles and Cytomegalovirus. It is primarily target virus skin and nerve tissue.
Photos of genital part infect with herpes:
(Images from Wikipedia)
The main symptoms of Genital herpes
- Vesicles, often numerous in the genital and anal regions. They may also be present on the buttocks or thighs
- Swollen glands at the level of the groin
- Many pains in regions affected by herpes
After the symptoms are gone, the herpes simplex virus goes into the inactive stage. When this is the case, the infection has no symptoms just in the next phase. When the disease returns, often the symptoms are less acute than the previous time. Do not be alarmed with this disease because many people all over the globe are caught with this incurable infection.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)
This category of virus is very contagious. The transmission of this virus is very volatile and is very popular all over the world. It is estimated that around 3.7 billion people worldwide under the age of 50 are infected with HSV-1 herpes simplex virus. Generally, infections of this type are contracted in childhood and there is no way to cure this infection. Often it’s a type of infection that is often spread around the mouth. Inside the mouth or around. It is possible that type 1 of herpes also spreads to the genitals or anus.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
Type 2 of herpes is transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse. This type of infection is the most common of the two types. The herpes infection is unfortunately incurable and the sores (pimples) can occur all the life.
Herpes is a global problem, it is estimated that the largest number of people infected are in Africa, followed by America. Often the first ones to know that they have herpes are teenagers.
Often, when symptoms occur, vesicular lesions (ulcers), headaches, fever, and body aches are signs that you have herpes.
When you have your first episode of genital herpes, recurrence is very common but you should have less severe symptoms.
Type 2 of herpes simplex usually only transmits through sexual intercourse. Simple skin-to-skin contact with an infected area can transmit the infection. Liquid secretions can also travel the infection. This is why we strongly suggest that everyone wash their hands in the bathroom and before eating. The mucous membranes of the mouth are very good places to contract diseases or infections.
Studies show that the influences between herpes and HIV add up to three times the risk of contracting HIV infection again. Recidivism is more common. In advanced HIV, herpes can complicate things. In rare cases, you may contract other diseases such as meningoencephalitis, oesophagitis, hepatitis, retinal necrosis, or disseminated infection.
Generally one is diagnosed with an infected person when we see the small buttons on the skin. Laboratory examinations are based on only two types of sampling. Tests on the lesions or a blood test. For lesions in the lip, visual examination is sufficient in most cases.
What promotes outbreaks of herpes?
There are certain factors that can promote the more common occurrence of herpes
- Stress is the main factor of recurrence (physical or emotional)
- Overexposure to sunlight
- The period
- Another disease
Often, the rashes are less severe after the first time the symptoms. They are also less frequent over time.
Cold sores: Prevention and Treatments
The cold sore spreads mainly through oral contact. It is also called “wild fire”.
The oral or oral herpes is mainly characterized by vesicles on the lips, very often this type of infection is the consequence of the type 1 herpes. The creams with cortisone base are to prescribe to reduce the vesicles. Always keep good hygiene is an important part of not spreading the buttons on the body or to infect another person.
There is some natural remedy for this type of herpes. Often we talk about helping to heal the wound and not irradiate the infection. The essential oil of raking is an excellent home remedy because there is certain antiviral effect. There is the oral route by drops or in the form of capsules. There are some lip balm also available in pharmacy that can help the healing of vesicles and pimples.
What causes neonatal herpes?
Neonatal herpes is the most dangerous form of the disease. This is when a newborn is infected with herpes. Without rapid treatment, the mortality is very high as well as serious sequelae.
When a newborn is infected with herpes during delivery, this can lead to a neurological disability that persists or even death. The risks are increased when the mother contracts the infection at a late stage of her pregnancy. Often times, the chances are very low to pass it on to their offspring when the woman has herpes for a certain time.
Is there a treatment for genital or oral herpes?
Currently there is no cure for herpes unfortunately. It is possible to reduce the number of infections and the amount of vesicles with certain drug. The best way to reduce the symptoms is to take the drugs at the first sign of the disease. Some people have several outbreaks a year, while others do not even have it once a year. In some cases more serious, it is advisable to take a medication every day. You should talk with your pharmacist or GP during a genital herpes outbreak.
What can be done to reduce the discomfort for herpes?
- Avoid scratching lesions
- Do not wear tight clothing
- You can put ice or a damp cloth on your wounds
- Keep the lesions dry
All doctors are unanimous, when you have herpes simplex contract you must abstain from sexual intercourse when you have symptoms of the infection (pimples, ulcers or sores). Type 2 herpes is much more contagious when symptoms begin to be visible.
Studies are currently underway to find some methods for the prevention of herpes and certain STIs or STDs.
Drug usually used to treat herpes
- Valaciclovir 500mg
- Cciclovir 200mg
- Aciclovir cream 5%
- Ibacitabine gel at 1%
- Docosanol cream 10%
- Patches available in pharmacy (for the visual only)
Your doctor may have given you other medications for oral or genital herpes.
It is very important that you consult your doctor if you think you have an STDs or STIs.
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