Natural thyroid hormones are widely researched for controlling development and metabolism, among other bodily tasks. Studies suggest that the brain secretes Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) to keep the body’s regulatory processes and blood clotting mechanisms in sync. [i]

Studies suggest that Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) may primarily serve to regulate the production of thyroid hormones. The body will respond to a drop in these hormone levels by producing more Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), which may stimulate the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormones. According to experiments, the body may generate less Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in response to elevated thyroid hormone levels. [ii]

Although TRH occurs naturally, its action may be mimicked in animal cell cultures using Protirelin, a pharmaceutical peptide. [iii]

Protirelin: What is it?

According to researchers, the natural peptide hormone thyrotropin-releasing hormone has a synthetic equivalent called Protirelin. Protirelin is a tripeptide, like TRH, consisting of three amino acid residues linked consecutively. [iii]

Studies suggest that Protirelin, like most peptides, is a biocompatible, long-lasting molecule.

What Role Does Protirelin Play?

As licensed professionals have speculated through clinical research, Protirelin may exert its potential by interacting with the TRH-1 and TRH-2 Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) receptors. [iv]

Further investigations suggest that these receptor-G protein interactions trigger downstream events. Inositol is created when a hydrolase enzyme is activated, which leads to the breakdown of an existing molecule. After binding with one receptor, inositol activates a second receptor that lets calcium into the cell. Increased phosphorylation of secondary messenger enzymes results from a higher calcium level, which activates protein kinase C.

Additional studies speculate that these signals may alter gene expression inside the cell’s nucleus, which transduces this TRH binding signal into a body message and prompts the thyroid gland to either increase or reduce thyroid hormone synthesis.

How Is Thyrotropin Useful?

Specialists suggest Thyrotropin, or Protirelin, may be a useful diagnostic tool since it reveals how well the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary work. This information is useful for diagnosing underlying health issues and determining whether the current thyroid hormone needs to be adjusted.

Research on the peptide’s possible use in affecting central nervous system conditions is underway. The hormone Thyrotropin is thought to be important in regulating metabolism and other hormones.

Thyrotropin Peptide Research Studies

Thyrotropin Peptide- ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare neurological disorder that affects the nerve cells controlling voluntary muscular movements, including chewing and walking. [v] The symptoms of ALS intensify with time, and the disease itself progresses.

Thyrotropin’s potential in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is being investigated. As a potential neuromodulator during hypothalamic nervous system hyperactivity, Thyrotropin has been proposed as an agent for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), as suggested by research. [vi] Although there are compelling research findings suggesting the potential of Thyrotropin in ALS, further research is needed.

Thyrotropin Peptide- Depression

Licensed professionals suggest that the inability of the peptide to pass the blood-brain barrier in the body hampered the first clinical research designed to evaluate the peptide’s properties in depression. [vii] The blood-brain barrier comprises tightly packed cells to prevent potentially harmful substances from entering the brain. [viii]

Thyrotropin Peptide- Diagnostic and Therapeutic Properties

In this clinical research [ix], the Protirelin compound was given to many test subjects with pre-diagnosed mental issues. These research models were diagnosed with mental health issues and required help with their low moods and fatigue.

Research results suggested that only 6 test subjects exhibited considerably increased reaction, whereas 19 showed a muted response, indicative of hypothyroidism. Five research models with a significantly increased reaction to preexisting antithyroid antibodies.

Summary

According to studies, the hypothalamus gland secretes a tripeptide molecule called Thyrotropin. 

Researchers suggest that Thyrotropin’s primary property may be controlling T3 and T4 production. Interacting with TSH receptors triggers a series of events in the neurological system, acting as a neuromodulator.

Positive applications of the peptide on depression and suicidal ideation have been speculated in studies. More research is being done on this peptide to be used to its full potential in a wide range of biological disorders.

If you are a researcher interested in purchasing Thyrotropin TRH peptide for your clinical studies, you can do so if you click here. Please note that none of the items listed are approved for human or animal consumption. Laboratory research chemicals are only for in-vitro and in-lab use. Any kind of physical introduction is illegal. Only authorized academics and working professionals may make purchases. The contents of this article are intended only for instructional purposes.

 

References

[i] Shahid MA, Ashraf MA, Sharma S. Physiology, Thyroid Hormone. [Updated 2021 May 12]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK500006/

[ii] Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan Health. March 31, 2020. https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/ug1836

[iii] National Center for Biotechnology Information. “PubChem Compound Summary for CID 638678, Protirelin” PubChem, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Protirelin.

[iv] A. Eugene Pekary, Protirelin should be used with care in patients with ischemic heart disease, obstructive airway disease, or severe hypopituitarism (Parfitt, 1999). https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/protirelin

[v] Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Amyotrophic-Lateral-Sclerosis-ALS-Fact-Sheet

[vi] Miller SC, Warnick JE. Protirelin (thyrotropin-releasing hormone) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The role of androgens. Arch Neurol. 1989 Mar;46(3):330-5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2563937/

[vii] Marangell LB, George MS, Callahan AM, Ketter TA, Pazzaglia PJ, L’Herrou TA, Leverich GS, Post RM. Effects of intrathecal thyrotropin-releasing hormone (protirelin) in refractory depressed patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Mar;54(3):214-22. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9075462/

[viii] Blood-brain barrier. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/blood-brain-barrier

[ix] Sternbach HA, Gold MS, Pottash AC, Extein I. Thyroid failure and protirelin(thyrotropin-releasing hormone) test abnormalities in depressed outpatients. JAMA. 1983 Mar 25. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6402617/

 

Categories: Health

Nicolas Desjardins

Hello everyone, I am the main writer for SIND Canada. I've been writing articles for more than 12 years and I like sharing my knowledge. I'm currently writing for many websites and newspapers. I always keep myself very informed to give you the best information. All my years as a computer scientist made me become an incredible researcher. You can contact me on our forum or by email at [email protected].