Leukemia is a type of cancer that specifically affects the blood and bone marrow. It’s a complicated and complex condition that science is still looking into – in most cases, in order to find a cure. However, there are also various ideas about what causes leukemia, and the more we learn about it, the more we can see what some of the causes might be. It’s good to know what these potential causes are, as if you are prone to the condition and you can make changes (bearing in mind not all causes of leukemia can be linked to behavior and bad habits), then it is worth doing. With that in mind, read on to find out more.

Genetic Factors

As we mentioned above, some of the causes of leukemia are not linked to any particular habits or behavior, and one of those causes is genetic factors. Some people are just born with the genetics that more easily change and mutate compared to other people, and that means their cells are more likely to become cancerous, at which point visiting the experts at the Moffitt Cancer Center can help. This is not just a cause of leukemia but cancer in general.

Some of the specific genetic factors that can lead to leukemia more than others include Down syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and the Philadelphia chromosome.

Environmental Exposures

Being exposed to some environmental factors has also been shown to be linked to developing leukemia. One example of this is high levels of ionizing radiation, which could come from nuclear accidents or prolonged radiation therapy. On top of this, chemical exposure to things like benzene and some chemotherapy drugs can increase your risk.

Of course, it is crucial to remember that most people exposed to these elements don’t develop leukemia. In fact, it is always best to take any drugs your doctor recommends and go through all the pros and cons of chemotherapy because the risk factor is very small.

Smoking And Lifestyle Factors

As you might guess, smoking tobacco significantly raises the risk of developing leukemia like acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This is down to the harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke because these damaged DNA and disrupt cell function. This means that the cells mutate, and when they are damaged, they can’t repair themselves properly. This allows cancer to spread and for leukemia to develop.

On top of this, lifestyle factors, including a poor diet, obesity, and lack of exercise, can contribute to leukemia risk. Embracing a healthy lifestyle by quitting smoking, adopting a balanced diet, and staying physically active can help reduce the chances of developing leukemia and other cancers. Try to make these things a priority in your life to help you live longer and more healthily.

Inherited Predisposition

While most cases of leukemia occur almost randomly (bearing in mind the possible causes listed above), some people may actually have a hereditary inherited predisposition to the disease.

You might notice that certain families seem to have a higher level of leukemia, for example. This shows that there must be genetic factors at work over and above those we have mentioned above.

Categories: Health

Nicolas Desjardins

Hello everyone, I am the main writer for SIND Canada. I've been writing articles for more than 12 years and I like sharing my knowledge. I'm currently writing for many websites and newspapers. I always keep myself very informed to give you the best information. All my years as a computer scientist made me become an incredible researcher. You can contact me on our forum or by email at [email protected].