Nissen fundoplication is a surgical procedure commonly performed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other related conditions. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of Nissen Fundoplication, including its anatomy, the procedure itself, and the benefits it offers to patients. By delving into the details of this surgical technique, you will gain a better understanding of its importance in managing GERD.

What is GERD?

GERD, short for gastroesophageal reflux disease, occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, irritating its lining. While occasional acid reflux is common, persistent reflux can result in GERD. Fortunately, most people can effectively manage GERD through lifestyle modifications and medication. In rare cases, a Nissen fundoplication may be necessary to alleviate symptoms.

Symptoms of GERD

GERD is associated with several common symptoms, including:

  • Heartburn: A burning sensation in the chest that often occurs after eating, particularly worsened at night or while lying down.
  • Regurgitation: Backflow of food or sour liquid into the throat or mouth.
  • Upper abdominal or chest pain.
  • Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing.
  • The feeling of a lump or blockage in the throat.

The Basics of Nissen Fundoplication

To comprehend the significance of Nissen fundoplication, it is essential to understand the anatomy involved. The procedure primarily focuses on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the upper part of the stomach. The LES acts as a valve that prevents stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus. In individuals with GERD, this valve becomes weakened, leading to acid reflux. Nissen fundoplication aims to reinforce and strengthen the LES, restoring its proper function and reducing reflux symptoms.

The Procedure of Nissen Fundoplication

During a Nissen fundoplication, a surgeon wraps the upper part of the stomach (fundus) around the lower part of the esophagus, creating a new valve mechanism. This wrapping creates a tighter seal, preventing stomach acid from regurgitating into the esophagus. The procedure is typically performed laparoscopically, using small incisions and a camera-guided instrument for enhanced precision. Laparoscopic techniques offer several advantages, such as reduced scarring, shorter recovery time, and fewer complications.

Benefits of Nissen Fundoplication

Nissen fundoplication offers numerous benefits to individuals suffering from GERD or related conditions:

Reduction in Acid Reflux

By strengthening the LES and creating a new valve mechanism, Nissen fundoplication significantly reduces the occurrence of acid reflux, providing relief from symptoms like heartburn, regurgitation, and chest pain.

Medication Reduction

Many patients who undergo Nissen fundoplication experience a decrease in their reliance on medications used to manage GERD. This procedure addresses the underlying cause of the condition, potentially reducing or eliminating the need for long-term medication.

Improved Quality of Life

By effectively controlling GERD symptoms, Nissen fundoplication can significantly enhance a patient’s quality of life. Individuals experience relief from chronic discomfort, improved sleep, and a reduced risk of complications associated with long-term acid reflux.

Long-Term Durability

Nissen fundoplication has shown favorable long-term outcomes in terms of symptom relief and patient satisfaction. Studies have indicated that the majority of patients continue to experience significant improvement in their symptoms years after the procedure.

Potential Risks and Considerations

Like any surgical procedure, Nissen fundoplication carries some potential risks and considerations. These can include temporary difficulty swallowing, bloating, excessive gas, and complications associated with anesthesia. It is crucial for patients to discuss these risks with their healthcare provider and thoroughly weigh the benefits against potential complications before proceeding with the surgery.


Nissen fundoplication is a surgical procedure designed to provide relief from GERD and improve the overall quality of life for patients suffering from this condition. By understanding the anatomy involved, the procedure itself, and the benefits it offers, people can make informed decisions about their treatment options.

Categories: Health

Nicolas Desjardins

Hello everyone, I am the main writer for SIND Canada. I've been writing articles for more than 12 years and I like sharing my knowledge. I'm currently writing for many websites and newspapers. I always keep myself very informed to give you the best information. All my years as a computer scientist made me become an incredible researcher. You can contact me on our forum or by email at [email protected].