Accidents happen, and sometimes they involve your teeth. If you’ve ever experienced a bruised tooth, you know just how painful and concerning it can be. Whether it’s due to a fall, a sports-related injury, or an unexpected mishap, a bruised tooth requires immediate attention. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps you should take when faced with a bruised tooth and provide essential information on emergency dental care.

What is a Bruised Tooth?

Before we delve into the steps to take in case of a bruised tooth, let’s understand what it is. A bruised tooth, also known as a dental contusion or tooth bruise, occurs when there is a traumatic impact on a tooth without it being fractured or broken. This trauma can cause damage to the blood vessels and nerves within the tooth, leading to discoloration, pain, and potential complications if not treated promptly.

Immediate Actions to Take

When you suspect you have a bruised tooth, it’s crucial to act swiftly. Here’s a step-by-step guide on what to do:

  1. Rinse Your Mouth: Start by gently rinsing your mouth with warm water to remove any debris or blood. This can help you get a better look at the injured tooth and assess the severity of the bruising.
  1. Apply a Cold Compress: To reduce swelling and alleviate pain, apply a cold compress to the outside of your cheek or lip near the affected tooth. Be sure to wrap the ice pack in a thin cloth to prevent frostbite.
  1. Over-the-Counter Pain Relief: If the pain is intolerable, you can take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen. Make sure to follow the recommended dosage instructions.
  1. Soft Diet: Stick to soft foods and avoid chewing on the side of the bruised tooth. This will minimize further damage and discomfort.

Seek Immediate Dental Care

A bruised tooth is not something you can manage entirely on your own. Seeking professional dental care promptly is essential to prevent complications and ensure the best possible outcome. Here’s what to do next:

  1. Contact Your Dentist: Call your dentist as soon as possible to explain the situation. They will likely prioritize your case as an emergency and schedule an appointment for you.
  1. Preserve any Avulsed Teeth: If your tooth is partially dislodged but still attached, avoid wiggling it and keep it in place as best as you can. Your dentist may be able to save it.
  1. Follow Dentist’s Instructions: Your dentist will provide specific instructions on how to care for your bruised tooth until your appointment. Follow their guidance closely.

What to Expect at the Dentist

When you visit your dentist for a bruised tooth, they will perform a thorough examination, which may include X-rays to assess the extent of the damage. Based on their findings, they will recommend an appropriate course of action, which can include:

  1. Splinting: If your tooth is loose, your dentist may use a splint to stabilize it, allowing it to heal properly.
  1. Root Canal Therapy: In some cases, a bruised tooth may require a root canal to remove damaged tissue and save the tooth.
  1. Monitoring: Your dentist may want to monitor the tooth’s progress over several weeks to ensure it heals correctly.
  1. Cosmetic Procedures: If there is discoloration or aesthetic issues, your dentist may recommend cosmetic procedures like bonding or veneers to restore the appearance of the tooth.

Long-Term Care and Prevention

Once your dentist has treated your bruised tooth, it’s essential to follow their aftercare instructions diligently. This typically includes:

  1. Medications: Take any prescribed medications as directed, and continue over-the-counter pain relievers as needed.
  1. Soft Diet: Maintain a soft diet until your dentist gives you the green light to resume your regular eating habits.
  1. Oral Hygiene: Continue to brush and floss your teeth gently, taking care around the injured area.
  1. Follow-Up Appointments: Attend all follow-up appointments as scheduled to ensure your tooth is healing correctly.

Preventing Tooth Injuries

Prevention is always better than treatment. While accidents can happen, you can take some precautions to reduce the risk of tooth injuries:

  • Wear a mouthguard when playing contact sports or engaging in activities with a risk of falls or collisions.
  • Avoid chewing on hard objects like ice, popcorn kernels, or pens.
  • Be cautious when eating hard and crunchy foods.
  • Maintain regular dental check-ups to catch and address potential dental issues early.


A bruised tooth is a painful dental emergency that requires immediate attention from a dental professional. By taking swift action, seeking dental care promptly, and following your dentist’s guidance, you can increase the chances of a successful recovery and minimize long-term complications. Remember, prevention is key, so take steps to protect your teeth and enjoy a healthy smile for years to come.

For more information on dental emergencies and oral health, feel free to explore our blog. Your dental health matters, and we’re here to help you stay informed and smiling brightly.

Categories: Health

Nicolas Desjardins

Hello everyone, I am the main writer for SIND Canada. I've been writing articles for more than 12 years and I like sharing my knowledge. I'm currently writing for many websites and newspapers. I always keep myself very informed to give you the best information. All my years as a computer scientist made me become an incredible researcher. You can contact me on our forum or by email at [email protected].