Common STD a Public Health Concern
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 7.4 million new cases of trich are reported annually in the United States, which is greater than the estimated 3 million new cases of chlamydia and 700,000 cases of gonorrhea diagnosed annually.
Both men and women can be infected, and the symptoms can vary. Some common symptoms include:
- Vaginal Itching or Irritation: Women with trichomoniasis may experience itching or irritation in the genital area.
- Abnormal Vaginal Discharge: The discharge may be frothy, greenish-yellow, or gray with an unpleasant odor.
- Painful Urination: Some women may experience discomfort or pain during urination.
- Genital Redness or Swelling: The genital area may appear red or swollen.
- Itching or Irritation: Men infected with trichomoniasis may feel itching or irritation inside the penis.
- Discharge from the Penis: A clear or white discharge from the penis is a common symptom.
- Burning Sensation: Some men may experience a burning sensation during urination or after ejaculation.
- Pain or Discomfort: Pain or discomfort in the penis or during ejaculation can occur.
It’s important to note that not everyone with trichomoniasis develops noticeable symptoms, and some individuals may carry the infection without being aware of it. If you suspect you have been exposed to trichomoniasis or experience any of these symptoms, it is advisable to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment. Testing for trichomoniasis typically involves a laboratory examination of a sample of genital fluid.
The consequences of trich can be severe. Trich has been linked to an increased risk of contracting and transmitting HIV in both men and women. Other complications of trich in women include an increased risk of infertility, cervical cancer, infection of the uterus or ovaries, premature birth, and infection following surgery. Untreated trich in men can also contribute to a greater risk of infertility, low sperm count, and prostate pain.
Because the symptoms of trich can often go unnoticed, it is important to be aware of the potential signs, including:
- Yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge (often foamy or sticky) with a strong odor
- Genital discharge in men
- Irritation, itching, soreness, or redness of the genital area
- Discomfort or pain during intercourse and urination
- Lower abdominal pain in rare cases
- Signs that worsen during menstruation
“Physicians need to be vigilant about testing for trich in patients who are sexually active because they may not experience any symptoms,” said Dr. Jane Schwebke, professor of infectious diseases at the University of Alabama in Birmingham. “Fortunately, trichomoniasis can be cured with a single-dose therapy in both women and men.”
Tindamax (tinidazole tablets) is an FDA-approved, one-day-one-dose treatment for trich. Manufactured by Mission Pharmacal, Tindamax is recommended by the CDC as one of the drugs of choice in the treatment of trichomoniasis.