Discussions around the use of fertility drugs are quite common for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. Typically, the queries revolve around the use, working, and side effects of such IVF medications. In this blog, we discuss some of the basics of fertility drugs and how patients can manage their potential side effects.

How Fertility Drugs Influence IVF Procedures

The use of fertility drugs is often the difference between success and failure in an IVF. They help stimulate the hormones to boost the production of viable eggs in the ovaries and trigger a timely ovulation cycle. These drugs can be administered either intravenously or orally, with the oral medicines often producing milder side effects than the injections.

Common IVF Medications and Their Side Effects

Let’s take a look at some of the most commonly administered fertility drugs.

Clomid (Clomiphene)

This drug acts as an oestrogen blocker and stimulates egg production in the ovaries by releasing GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone), LH (luteinizing hormone), and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone).

The use of Clomid can lead to the following side effects.

  • Bloating and abdominal pain
  • Mild to severe headaches
  • Hot flashes
  • Weight gain
  • Increased breast sensitivity
  • Mood swings
  • Excess vaginal bleeding and spotting
  • Nausea and dizziness

hMG and FSH

Combining Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)and Clomid helps produce more viable eggs, making IVF treatment in Bangalore more effective.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG) is combined with the FSH and LH hormone supplement Clomid where applicable.

hMG and FSH are drugs associated with the following side effects:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Swelling and tenderness around the breasts
  • Nausea
  • Weight gain
  • Mild rashes
  • Reduced urination
  • Swollen hands and feet

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

This drug serves a purpose similar to the others mentioned above, which is to trigger the release of viable eggs from the ovaries.

Some of the typical side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Bloating
  • Hot flashes
  • Swelling and tenderness around the injection site
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity of the breasts
  • A feeling of restlessness
  • Persistent irritability

How to Deal With the Medication Side Effects?

It is normal to experience some kind of side effect when undergoing IVF treatment. With the right IVF doctor, you can prepare for and minimize the severity of the symptoms and keep the side effects at bay as far as possible.

Here are some general tips most fertility specialists recommend. You should talk to your IVF specialist in Bangalore for more specific concerns. 

Keep yourself hydrated at all times

IVF treatment can make you easily dehydrated. Ensure you maintain a regular intake of sufficient fluids to remain comfortable and hydrated throughout the entire procedure.

Take part in moderate physical activity

During an IVF procedure, your workout routine may need modification to reduce physical stress. By doing high-impact exercises such as interval training and running, you increase your risks of ovarian torsion, where the ovary gets twisted around its supporting ligaments. Though a rare condition, it significantly increases your risk of developing serious complications.

Check with your doctor for guidance on taking medication

Consult your doctor on how and when you should take your regular medicines, and ensure that you act as per their guidance. Several of the side effects from IVF medications can be easily managed by taking the medicines with food or at night.

Opt for a lower dosage if at all possible

When you start with a lower dose of medication, you are less likely to experience intense side effects—in fact, in some cases, you may not experience any adverse effects at all! It is advisable to start lower and then gradually increase the dosage, but only if you feel you are not getting the intended results or benefits from using the drugs.

Couples are often tempted to start off on an aggressive note with their IVF treatment, thinking that the strongest possible treatment will yield instant results. However, in the bigger scheme of things, you would be wise to allow your health to get accustomed to the medications to prevent unwanted repercussions.

Got Concerns? Talk to a Reputed IVF Hospital in Bangalore

Starting a family is a dream for every couple, and doing so through artificial procedures can be emotionally, financially, and physically demanding. While IVF medications have the potential for side effects, they may not affect everyone the same way. Most reputed IVF hospitals in Bangalore, like Janisthaa, welcome queries from couples considering IVF and help them make informed decisions. 

Categories: Health

Nicolas Desjardins

Hello everyone, I am the main writer for SIND Canada. I've been writing articles for more than 12 years and I like sharing my knowledge. I'm currently writing for many websites and newspapers. I always keep myself very informed to give you the best information. All my years as a computer scientist made me become an incredible researcher. You can contact me on our forum or by email at [email protected].